Forensic Engineers

Forensic Engineers Florida

Florida Forensic Engineers provide forensic and structural engineering services throughout Florida including Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Daytona beach, Melbourne, Cocoa beach, to provide the highest quality of  engineering and expert witness services available. Our services includes forensic damage inspections, structural damage assessment, roof damage inspections, fire damage inspections, building structural assessments, structural foundation collapse and assessment.

Our forensic engineers florida provide cause and origin,  buildings defects, construction defects, damage investigations, site investigation, testing, technical research, and analysis of the information to provide our clients with an independent opinion on the cause of failure.

Forensic Engineers Investigation

Collapse Analysis by Forensic Engineers Florida

Our team of experienced professionals offer the following areas of expertise:

– Forensic Building Defects by Forensic engineers.
– Collapse & Insurance Claims and Reports
– Structural Condition Assessments
– Discovery Assistance
– Second Opinion Structural & Forensic Inspections for Dispute Resolution
– Expert Witness & Testimonial

We provide structural damage assessment reports to insurance, as well as adjuster clients for building failures, natural disasters and failures due to under design. We also provide estimates for repairs based on original values and ASV. Whether the collapse is due to a design fault, natural disasters, deficient structural deign or over-stressing. we can provide you good enough reports that can tell u the real problem.

Structural Damage Assessment after Building Failure

Structural building engineering includes all structural engineering related to the design of buildings. It is a branch of structural engineering closely affiliated with architecture.

Structural building engineering is primarily driven by the creative manipulation of materials and forms and the underlying mathematical and scientific ideas to achieve an end which fulfills its functional requirements and is structurally safe when subjected to all the loads it could reasonably be expected to experience. This is subtly different from architectural design, which is driven by the creative manipulation of materials and forms, mass, space, volume, texture and light to achieve an end which is aesthetic, functional and often artistic.(forensic engineers florida)

The architect and forensic engineers are usually the lead designer on buildings, with a structural engineer employed as a sub-consultant. The degree to which each discipline actually leads the design depends heavily on the type of structure. Many structures are structurally simple and led by architecture, such as multi-storey office buildings and housing, while other structures, such as tensile structures, shells and gridshells are heavily dependent on their form for their strength, and the engineer may have a more significant influence on the form, and hence much of the aesthetic, than the architect.

The structural design for a building must ensure that the building is able to stand up safely, and not collapse thus enabling forensic engineers florida to find cause of collaspe and be able to function without excessive deflections or movements which may cause fatigue of structural elements, cracking or failure of fixtures, fittings or partitions, or discomfort for occupants. It must account for movements and forces due to temperature, creep, cracking and imposed loads. It must also ensure that the design is practically buildable within acceptable manufacturing tolerances of the materials. It must allow the architecture to work, and the building services to fit within the building and function (air conditioning, ventilation, smoke extract, electrics, lighting etc.). The structural design of a modern building can be extremely complex, and often requires a large team to complete.

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Building Condition Surveys

Building Condition Surveys

EMA structural engineers perform Building condition surveys for commercial, office buildings, condominium projects etc., also   known as a Due   Diligence     Inspection,     or structural   engineering   condition   survey. These are physical   evaluation   of an existing   building’s systems,   components   and site improvements. Building condition surveys typically   includes items such as site characteristics, structure,   roof, mechanical,     electrical,   plumbing,   fire/life safety, and access   and egress.   Most commonly building condition surveys   are performed prior to a real estate transaction   for commercial   property. EMA Structural & Forensic engineers utilizes the ASTM Standard E2018-99     as a guideline   for conducting     Property Condition   Assessments.

EMA   has structural   Engineers  committed   to providing     our clients   with detailed,     impartial   reports   which   are certified   by   Registered   Professional Engineers. Our structural engineers and forensic engineers are experienced in performing building condition surveys for commercial, office, and industrial buildings.

We provide   a full range of inspection   services   including:

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  • Building condition survey

  • Roof inspections   & studies
  • Construction I Building Defects
  • Commercial Construction Monitoring
  • Demolition and Plans Review
  • Construction Draw Inspections
  • Facility Asset Management
  • Structural engineers assessment
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    EMA provides building condition assessment, structural engineering drawings and services for residential and commercial structures, fire damage inspections orlando, fire damage inspections tampa, fire damage inspections clearwater.



Building Engineers

Building Engineers for Damage Assessment

EMA provides expert building engineers to our clients. The engineers from EMA Engineering’s expertise is Forensic Engineering and Building Damage Assessment.

Highly experienced structural engineers with forensic engineering experience and engineering staff are available for investigation, diagnosis, assessment and remediation advice covering, buildings and structures for damage of all types. We have experience of providing damage assessment and forensic inspections after major hurricanes including Andrew, Charlie, Katrina & Rita.

We are trusted by the architects, property owners, builders, insurers and loss adjusters to establish the root cause of building and structural failures and to determine cost effective remedial works.

Building Engineers Scope of work.

  • Structural / Building Assessments, Inspections and Forensic Investigations by engineers.
  • Investigation and damage assessment of all types of buildings and structures, retaining walls, pavements, water tanks and swimming pools.
  • Expert Witness and Reporting service for legal proceedings and court hearings.
  • Building and Structural Defects and Damage Causation investigation and reporting.
  • Cause of damage determination and repair specification for the insurance industry.
  • Remediation advice and disaster assessment following fire, storm, earthquake and flood events.
  • Pre-purchase building inspections for residential, commercial and industrial properties by licensed engineers.
  • Preventative risk assessments.
  • Building maintenance appraisals and recommendations.
  • Dilapidation surveys prior/post construction.
  • Building movement and underpinning.
  • Infrastructure damage and emergency management plans (buildings, bridges and other structures).
  • General building inspections, providing structural and building advice to property owners by professional engineers.
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Hurricane damage inspections

Hurricane Damage inspections

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Hurricane damage inspections

Hurricane damage inspections are performed by EMA Staff engineers. In case of natural disasters including hurricane damage & water damage, flood damage, roof damage by storm, wind and hail, foundation scouring and damage and structural damage, a quick and coordinated recovery is key. Not only is the safety and well being of our loved ones at stake but the welfare of society depends critically on the resilience of its business community to natural disasters.

We have experienced structural engineers & forensic engineers  inspectors  in Hurricane damage assessment.We at EMA are prepared to mobilize our staff of engineers, certified inspectors, and technicians to aid in the recovery process. To assist in coordinated long term recovery, our structural & forensic engineers offers the following areas of expertise:building envelope,

Hurricane damage inspections

Structural damage assessment

Repair claims ( residential & commercial)

Forensic Engineering

Foundation collapse analysis

Roof damage reports

Wind damage reports


* Fence support broken at the ground or blown over
* Landscape damage, largest size broken limb, trunk to check against F scale
* Roof blown off or displaced (check wall-roof connection; sometimes it is not evident)
* Broken windows — will indicate wind forces entering the building
* Brick blown off walls or in place
* Chimney and roof vent condition. May cause carbon monoxide poisoning if used in damaged condition
* Above-ground utility services — connected or off

* Always look ahead and keep the exterior in sight
* Do not touch exposed electrical wires or lights
* Check wall-roof connections. Look for evidence of separation
* Check for diagonal fracture of wall surfaces, if rigid like gyp board
* Watch for spilled liquid in and near kitchens, bathrooms, and garages. Very dangerous!
* Look for loose structural items that might collapse. Always assume they will.
* Check stability of interior walls
* Check what happened to occupants if they were in the structure during the storm
* Check conditions of any basements, cellars, out buildings

All of the above, plus the following for the special structure:

Steel Frame or Load-Bearing Walls
* Bent frame
* Broken welds on beams and trusses and at connections
* Reverse-loaded steel beams and trusses
* Racking of the frame
Wind bracing broken, bent
* Glass breakage
* In high-rise buildings, watch for frame twisting, offsets

Concrete Frame, Slab
* Gouges from columns and floor surfaces from impacts
* Cracks running parallel with reinforcing steel
* Splitting out of the rebars
* Column-slab juncture, condition. Watch for spalding of concrete
* Look for previous water damage and spalding.

Damage Inspections, Roof Repairs and Installation

The roofing system is one of the most vulnerable to storm damage, because so many factors can have an impact on a roof. A hurricane damage inspection of the roof is based on a number of key indicators, whether the roof has been hit by high winds, a downed tree, a catastrophic hailstorm, or even a lightning strike.

  • A tree on the roof, or roof or wall sections that have been blown open by a storm, are some of the most obvious signs of potential damage and risk. Safety comes first, so stay out of the building until a contractor has examined it for structural hurricane damage inspections.
  • Signs of storm damage to a roof can often be evident while standing on the ground. Missing shingles, metal pieces displaced from around the chimney, damaged exhaust pipes, roof valleys, outer edges or angles where the roof meets the walls, can sometimes be seen from the ground.
  • Other damage can be assessed from inside. The attic can be inspected for leaks or water damage. Water stains might be seen on the ceiling or walls. These all point to the need for repairs or a roof replacement.
  • When on a ladder or on the roof itself (for safety, we DO NOT recommend that property owners try this themselves), a Certified NIRC Contractor will look for excess granules in the gutters. These granules may have been loosened by hail impacts. While people hear stories of “golf ball-sized hailstones,” the fact is that most hailstones are small – yet they still can cause significant damage to the roof. And loose granules should not be dismissed or overlooked. Granules are vitally important to the functioning of the roof: They protect the asphalt coating from ultraviolet light, add coloring and beauty, and provide fire resistance.
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Building Exteriors

While siding, stucco and brick are durable exterior finishes, they are susceptible to considerable storm damage. Often, property owners don’t notice the damage until it’s too late to file a claim. It is important to have a property inspected thoroughly after a severe storm event.


  • Vinyl Siding: It can be broken, cracked, or sections of it can be blown off in a storm as determined by a hurricane damage inspection. It’s important to report any damage that might have existed before a storm. Non-storm damage can include siding that is bowing out or appears pushed together, indications that it was nailed onto the wall too tightly. If part of the siding is melted, that can be an indication that a BBQ grill was too close to the wall. There might have been a grass fire or leaves being burned too close to the building. When this type of non-storm damage is acknowledged, it builds credibility and trust between the property owner, the contractor and the insurer. And when the siding is fully replaced, the property owner gets the added benefit of having pre-storm problems cleaned up too.
  • Metal Siding: Wind and hail can dent, crease and tear apart metal siding. In addition, the wind will blow other debris like trash cans or tree limbs into the siding and cause damage. Again, in the interest of trust and credibility, we also emphasize that dents and other damage to metal siding occurs over time. Any damage that occurred before a storm hit should also be reported after hurricane damage inspections by P. E.
  • EFIS or Synthetic Stucco: Storms can crack, chip and dent exterior EFIS and stucco applications. This damage is often noticeable because an area of the wall will feel soft, or be dented in. There might also be an area that has numerous small cracks radiating in a pattern similar to a spider web. This evidence of damage means that the foam backing behind the exterior EFIS or stucco coat will have to be removed and replaced. It’s more than a simple patch-up job.
  • Wood, Cedar,T11: Exterior wood finishes can crack and paint can be stripped off by storms. In more severe events, entire wall sections might be pulled apart. In many restoration projects, the area can be cleaned, scrapped, pressure washed and painted, with only minimal repairs to the wood. More severe damage requires replacement. This includes damage to cedar shakes and lap siding, where the thin edges are particularly susceptible to damage, and the wood will need to be replaced. These are all observations and recommendations that the hurricane damage inspection engineers EMA will include in the hurricane damage inspection report & notes.
Windows and Screens

While each type of window can have unique damage, the following should be checked:

  • Each window for paint loss, cracks, holes, dents, and broken glass. In thermal windows, check for fogging between the panes.
  • Each screen should be inspected for dents and cracks in the frame, and expanded fibers, holes and tears in the screening material.
  • Each window should also be checked to ensure they are properly caulked and counter-flashed

Structural Inspections

Structural Inspections

EMA can provide structural inspections for the following cases

Structural Inspections Foundation

Structural inspections masonry

Structural inspections concrete & steel structures

Structural 40 Year recertification inspections

structural building inspections

Project construction inspections.
Hurricane damage Inspections
Special buildings Inspection
Quality Assurance Inspections
Structural damage Inspections
Fire Damage Inspections
Residential/Commercial Inspections
Structural Sinkhole Inspections

Forensic Structural Inspections
Structural inspections, Forensic inspections, Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa, New Orleans, Texas.

Forensic Structural Inspections

Flood Inspections Retaining Structures

Foundation damage inspections

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soil erosion cause & origin

Roof Damage Inspections

Hurricane damage Inspections

Wind Damage Inspections
Threshold Inspections
Forensic Inspections
School Inspections
Tree Damage Inspections
Structural Framing Inspections
Structural Shoring Inspections

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Structural Inspections Florida


Structural forensic roof inspections or quality control monitoring and proper inspection of a roofing system will provide a good water tight roof. It is important to monitor the condition of the roofing system through proper inspection at frequent time intervals to discover damage to the roof. Small imperfections can be corrected with minimal maintenance. No roof system can be expected to give long term performance without some attention and maintenance. Too frequently, roofs are forgotten until a leak develops. Most problems begin in a small way and if left undetected, develop into a more expensive need for repairs, or in the extreme, need replacement of the roof.

A Infrared Inspections consists of the following elements:

Infrared Inspection: To pinpoint and identify moisture within the roof mat.

Roof Moisture Verification: Infrared roof testing is performed to verify areas of moisture.

Observations and Findings: Results of the investigation.

Drawings: Location of infrared findings of additional suspected moisture.

The summary of infrared analysis and thermograms correspond to areas shown on drawings.

EMA Florida Structural Inspections Techniques include:

1. Principles of Infrared

With the Infrared Thermography, roofs can be scanned with a highly sophisticated infrared camera to detect and accurately map sub-surface moisture, thereby determining whether a portion or all of the roof requires replacement. Unlike other non-destructive techniques, infrared thermal scanning assesses every square inch of the roofing including vertical flashing. This results in a comprehensive view of the roof s condition with the possibility of error minimized.

The thermographic survey is conducted by hand carrying the Infrared cameras over the roof during  Florida structural inspections.

Thermography or Infrared Scanning is based upon the ability of a specialized infrared camera to detect variations in temperature radiating from the roof surface and to convert them into an electrical signal which is displayed instantaneously as a video heat image called a Thermogram. The difference in tones (black to white) denotes variations in the roofs surface temperature of 0.2 degrees Centigrade, and is influence by the moisture content.

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EMA provides roof infrared moisture survey, flat roof infrared moisture survey, structural engineering, structural renovations, wind analysis and design, and other structural engineering drawings and services for residential and commercial structures
2. Characteristicts of Moisture in Roofing during structural inspections.

Infrared techniques pinpoint the moisture entry points during structural inspections and moisture surveys of flkat roofs from the interior, exterior, or from roof leaks. The absorption characteristics of various types of building materials are of particular interest. With porous material, moisture generally penetrates from the surface down; the greatest amount of water is found near the surface traveling along and dispersing into the porous material. In colder regions a potential condensation problem exists. The insulation is often protected by a vapor barrier located as near as practical to the warm side. As long as the vapor barrier is maintained at a temperature above the dew point, condensation can be completely forestalled. If water vapor can penetrate into the roof because of a poorly installed vapor barrier, it will migrate to the cold face, condense and often, be absorbed by the insulation or other absorbent materials.

The characteristics of various types of roofing materials raises a similar interest. Different roofing materials have varied moisture absorption characteristics. With porous material, moisture generally penetrates from the surface down. The greatest amount of water is found near the surface traveling along felts and dispersing into the insulation. The quantity of moisture, its form, and location within the assembly, and the water absorption.

3. Technical Approach

When an abnormality on a Thermogram is identified as wet, (usually noted as a darker colored area), it is marked with paint and is photographed for future reference. The location of this area of sub-surface moisture is noted on the roof map which accompanies the report. Findings were not confirmed by further tests. Under a clear sky during the day, the roof acts as a large thermal collector and can approach 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Insulation laden with sub-surface moisture absorbs this radiation and acts as a reservoir to regenerate the heating of the membrane after the solar affect has dissipated. The affect of wet and dry material on the surface temperature of the roof is also a result of emissive cooling of the roof surface as much as 15 degrees Centigrade below ambient during a structural inspection and roof infrared survey. In cooler weather, the introduction of moisture reduces the R-value of the assembly producing thermal bridges. These thermal bridges are localized warm zones which also produce images on the Thermogram.

4. Interpreting Thermograms.

A Infrared Thermogram is a “temperature picture” of an object. Unlike ordinary photographic equipment during structural inspections and moisture intrusion surveys that responds to visible light, the infrared camera responds only to invisible heat radiation. The resulting image produced on the display unit resembles the object in black and white with shades of gray. The whiter an object appears, the hotter it is. Conversely, the darker the cooler. In the color mode, the object being inspected with infrared equipment will show the warmest areas in white progressing through the spectrum to the coldest areas in blue.The sensitivity of the Thermographic equipment is such that temperature difference of as little as 0.2 degrees Centigrade, at an ambient temperature of 30 degrees Centigrade, is sensed.