Electrical Infrared Inspections

Infrared inspections.

Infrared inspections find hot spots caused by defects in connections and components. Infrared electrical inspection or  thermography is used to find areas of excess heat (caused by increased resistance) so that problems can be corrected before a component fails, causing damage to the component, creating safety hazards and productivity loss. Because increased heating is a sign of failure, infrared electrical inspection is the best diagnostic tool available for finding these hot connections in the early stages of degeneration. This is why your insurance company may have asked for an electrical infrared inspections, to find and prevent problems before they cause damage to your personnel, equipment and facility, thus reducing downtime and less repair costs to the owners, etc.

Electrical infrared inspections

 

 

 

 Infrared Inspections

should be an integral part of any electrical preventive maintenance (EPM) program. This type of electrical infrared inspections can help save money by verifying equipment is operating at peak efficiency and reducing costly downtime in the event of electrical system failure. It also can help save the costs associated with the damage that a fire may cause if an electrical system overheats or fails catastrophically. This inexpensive inspection program has evolved into a valuable preventive maintenance tool. The following information discusses the benefits of infrared inspection and explains how the inspections are conducted. The heating effect continued to increase past the red, in a region that is now called infrared (“below red”). He measured radiation effects from fires, candles and stoves and deduced the similarity of light and heat. Today, devices can be designed to detect, amplify and display radiation from the visible or infrared portions of the spectrum.Using infrared for electrical infrared inspection and by using infrared technology as part of an electrical infrared inspection program works on the principle that electrical equipment normally gives off heat, but malfunctioning or overloaded electrical equipment will give off excessive heat due to increased electrical resistance. This heat can be detected with the use of infrared inspections. Using an infrared camera or video recorder, the heat can be converted to an image that can be seen and recorded for analysis. The infrared camera can display various temperatures that are being recorded and the temperature differential between “normal” and malfunctioning equipment during. The images can be used to identify exactly what equipment is affected and how serious of a problem exists based on temperatures and temperature differentials. The images can be inserted into a report to help explain the problem and any suggested repairs or improvements. Infrared should be scheduled prior to a major scheduled shutdown. This allows the greatest flexibility in resolving problems found during the inspection. Infrared inspections are a non-destruction test that should be completed during normal business operations while equipment is running at or near capacity. Equipment should run for at least one hour before inspection. There is no need for downtime or special tear-down of the equipment to perform the electrical infrared inspection. However, equipment covers must be removed to ensure effective scanning. Because busway conductors are so close to enclosures, the covers may not need to be removed during infrared inspections for electrical equipments.
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Flood damage inspections

Flood Damage Inspections

Flood Damage Inspections

EMA engineers provide flood damage inspections in Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Palm Coast, Daytona beach, Ormond Beach, Melbourne, Sebastian and surrounding areas.We protect ourself and our clients from the unique challenges posed by flood damaged inspections of damaged buildings.

Hazards in and around flood damage inspections of  buildings include the risks of:

  • growth of large mold colonies;
  • septic system collapse;
  • trip-and-fall injuries;
  • structural collapse;
  • fire and explosions;
  • toxic sludge and materials containing waterborne bacteria; and
  • electrical shock hazards.
 Flood damage inspections
EMA are forensic engineers perform flood damage inspections on commercial and residential structures.

Forensic Flood Damage Inspections

  • Inspect the flood damage inspection building exterior for downed power lines and gas leaks. Gas leaks will smell like rotten eggs. If you suspect a gas leak, contact the utility company immediately.
  • While entering the building, see if the door sticks at the top. If it does, this could mean that the ceiling is ready to collapse. After you open the door, stand outside the doorway, clear of any falling debris.
  • Wear sturdy, treaded boots. According to the American Red Cross, the most common injury following a disaster is cut feet. Broken bottles, nails, glass, and other dangerous debris may litter the floor, and stairs may be very slippery.
  • Once you are inside the home, check for gas leaks again by flood damage inspections. If you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise, open a window and quickly leave the building. Turn off the gas at the outside main valve, if you can, and call the gas company from a neighbor’s home. If you turn off the gas for any reason, a professional must turn it back on. Never use an open flame inside of a flood-damaged house unless you know that the gas has been turned off and the house is ventilated. To inspect for damage, use a battery-powered lantern or flashlight, and not an open flame or electrical fixture in the house.
  • Do not use appliances that may have gotten wet unless you know they have been dismantled, cleaned and dried.
  • Do not work by yourself during flood damage inspections. If you are injured, it might take a long time before you receive assistance. If you must work alone, bring a cell phone or radio so you may call for assistance, if the need arises.
  • Bring a HEPA-rated respirator to use in case you detect extensive mold. If you are asthmatic or otherwise at heightened risk to mold exposure, leave the building. Other inspector-safety equipment, such as gloves and coveralls, may also prevent contact with mold and other contaminants.
  • Florida Flood damage Inspections

  • Examine doors, walls, windows, floors and staircases to make sure that the flood damage inspections of  building shows no signs of potential collapse. Inspect for loose plaster, drywall, and ceilings that may fall. Also, inspect the foundation for evidence of cracks and other structural damage that may render the building uninhabitable.
  • Inspect for fire hazards, such as broken and leaking gas lines, flood damage inspections electrical circuits, and submerged furnaces and electrical appliances. Flammable and explosive materials may travel from upstream. Be aware that fire is the most frequent hazard in homes following floods.
  • Inspect for electrical system damage, such as broken and frayed wires, and burned insulation. You can turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If you have to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electrician first for advice. Electrical equipment should be inspected by a qualified professional and dried before being returned to service.
  • Inspect for sewage and water supply-line damage. If you suspect sewage lines during flood damage inspections have been damaged, avoid using the toilets and instruct the client to call a plumber before using flood damage inspections. If water pipes are damaged, instruct the client to contact the water utility company and avoid operating the tap.
  • Use caution while inspecting crawlspaces for a variety of reasons, such as the presence of mold, sewage, asbestos, chemicals, rodents, and the risk of structural collapse.
  • Watch out for animals, especially poisonous snakes, which may have been washed into the building during the flood. You can use a stick to poke through debris to check for dangerous critters.

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tampa concrete pt cables detection scan

Concrete GPR PT Cable Detection

Concrete GPR PT Cable Detection Scan Orlando, Tampa (813) 398-5383

Concrete GPR Cable PT Cable detection Scan Tampa, Sarasota, Clearwater, St. Petersburg and surrounding areas can locate rebar and post-tension cables within the concrete using Hilti PS 1000 state of the art technology. Reinforcing steel locations are marked directly on the concrete surface to ensure safe and efficient drilling that will preserve the integrity of the structure and reduce the need for repairs or patching. This helps our clients conduct core drilling without accidents, injuries or delay. Concrete PT Cable detection GPR Scan is also useful when preparing for a renovation that includes electrical outfitting, plumbing, fire protection services, drain installation and duct work.

concrete gpr scan Daytona, tampa
Concrete GPR Scan. EMA perform rebar, PT cable location scanning using hilti PS 1000 in Tampa and surrounding areas

Tampa concrete GPR Scanning
Concrete GPR Scan Tampa, Orlando, Clearwater Using Hilti PS 1000 & Hilti Ferroscan 200s

Concrete GPR EMBEDDED ELECTRICAL SERVICES

When core drilling or saw cutting in commercial and industrial locations is needed, accurate detection of electrical conduits is essential for preventing safety risks, power outages and costly damages. Concrete GPR Scan  for PT Cables Daytona provides two specific but different scanning services in this area: Elevated concrete slab scanning and concrete slab-on-grade locating. Elevated concrete slab scanning involves detecting embedded electrical conduits prior to core drilling a hole through the slab.

Concrete Xray in Tampa
EMA consultants can perform Concrete X-Rays in Tampa, Orlando, Clearwater

Concrete slab-on-grade locating – a concrete slab poured directly over dirt – involves scanning a trench line for conduits before conducting saw cutting and trenching to install a sanitary pipe, water line or something similar. [See diagram No. 2]

CONCRETE GPR ASSESSMENT

Also crucial in the Concrete Xray Scan Daytona imaging process is determining what’s in the concrete structure. This includes gauging the concrete thickness, what the rebar content is, its spacing and its elevation within the slab. This extensive, critical information helps our clients and their teams to understand the makeup of the concrete. we also can determine concrete covers over the rebar using state of the art equipment.

VOIDS DETECTION AND LOCATIONS

We can also locate voids – air gaps between the sub-grade, dirt and the concrete slab-on- grade – hidden below concrete or asphalt surfaces. This degradation occurs over time due to compaction, pipe ruptures or erosion but is often undetectable on the surface. EMA Concrete Xray ground penetrating radar can help our clients locate these areas and – most important – avoid collapses.

While GPR does not determine what type of object is being located project managers are experienced at using all available data in identifying the type of reinforcing steel or electrical conduit present.

The photo to the left shows a typical post tension cable mark out. Using GPR and other data, we are able to locate all of the reinforcing steel anomalies. We then mark the findings on the concrete and, based on the pattern, are quickly able to determine what each marking indicates. Most often, when something is on an angle through a square layout it will be a conduit. You will have a typical rebar pattern with 12-to-18 inch centers. Post tension cables tend to be spaced further apart, depending on the building’s design and whether they are banded or uniform tendons.

concrete gpr scan daytona, concrete gpr tampa, concrete x-ray clearwater, concrete imaging,

Concrete GPR Scan Daytona

Concrete GPR Scan Daytona

Call (321) 355-6052 to schedule your scanning

Concrete GPR Scan in Daytona, St. Augustine, Cocoa, Melbourne, and surrounding areas can locate rebar and post-tension cables within the concrete using Hilti PS 1000 state of the art GPR scan technology. Reinforcing steel locations are marked directly on the concrete surface to ensure safe and efficient drilling that will preserve the integrity of the structure and reduce the need for repairs or patching. This helps our clients conduct core drilling without accidents, injuries or delay. Concrete GPR Scan is also useful when preparing for a renovation that includes electrical outfitting, plumbing, fire protection services, drain installation, and ductwork.

concrete gpr scan Daytona, tampa
Concrete GPR Scan. EMA perform rebar, PT cable location scanning using hilti PS 1000 in Tampa and surrounding areas
Tampa concrete GPR Scanning
Concrete Scan Tampa, Orlando, Clearwater Using Hilti PS 1000 & Hilti ferroscan

CONCRETE GPR SCAN LOCATING EMBEDDED ELECTRICAL SERVICES

When core drilling or saw cutting in commercial and industrial locations is needed, accurate detection of electrical conduits is essential for preventing safety risks, power outages and costly damages. Concrete for PT Cables Daytona provides two specific but different scanning services in this area: Elevated concrete slab scanning and concrete slab-on-grade locating. Elevated concrete slab scanning involves detecting embedded electrical conduits prior to core drilling a hole through the slab.

Concrete Xray in Tampa
EMA consultants can perform Concrete X-Rays in Tampa, Orlando, Clearwater

Concrete slab-on-grade locating – a concrete slab poured directly over dirt – involves scanning a trench line for conduits before conducting saw cutting and trenching to install a sanitary pipe, water line or something similar.

CONCRETE GPR SCAN DAYTONA

Also crucial in the Concrete GPR Xray Scan Daytona imaging process is determining what’s in the concrete structure. This includes gauging the concrete thickness, what the rebar content is, its spacing and its elevation within the slab. This extensive, critical information helps our clients and their teams to understand the makeup of the concrete. we also can determine concrete covers over the rebar using state of the art equipment.

VOIDS DETECTION AND LOCATIONS

We can also locate voids – air gaps between the sub-grade, dirt and the concrete slab-on- grade – hidden below concrete or asphalt surfaces. This degradation occurs over time due to compaction, pipe ruptures or erosion but is often undetectable on the surface. EMA Concrete GPR ground penetrating radar can help our clients locate these areas and – most important – avoid collapses.

COST OF CONCRETE GPR
Concrete rebar GPR testings are less expensive than XRAY due to its accuracy. The equipment is more expensive and a minimum of 2 operators is needed at all times. As a rule of thumb, concrete x-ray will cost double the hourly rate of GPR – although pricing by image may be more attractive for both parties. $150-$170 per image is fairly standard, combined with a mobilization charge of several hundred dollars. Night and weekend work is charged at 1.5 times standard rates which can lead to overtime rates too.

Protection from radiation is an important aspect of industrial radiography. The International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA) had developed basic safety guidelines regarding the practice.

Rebar, PT Cables GPR Detection Services

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Roof Inspections Florida

Roof Inspections

Roof Inspections

Image result for roof inspection
EMA Visual Roof Inspections

 

Roof Inspection Service is recognized by the roofing industry as a vital component of successful Roof Construction Management. Many vital areas of a roof installation are not visible for inspection upon completion and many times are already covered over before periodic site inspections can be made.

Full-time Quality Roof Inspection provides a set of ‘eyes’ during all phases of the installation. Critical areas such as fastening patterns of underlying insulation, mopping techniques, or glue application and drying times can be monitored for compliance with the contract documents and manufacturer’s standards.

Count On EMA Trained Roof Inspections

EMA’s roof inspections by PE engineers provide extensive experience  to observe all phases of a roof installation to ensure materials are in compliance with project documents. Prior to the start of work, our inspectors are provided specifications, drawings, shop drawings and submittals. The inspector’s attendance at the Pre-Job Conference with respective contractual parties allows a thorough understanding of the system installation, set-up areas and anticipated internal disruptions. The inspector generates Daily Roof Inspection Reports which delineates material and installation compliance, and documents any unforeseen contingent items to the contract. Non-compliance issues are immediately addressed with the roofing contractor, design professional or building owner to ensure proper installation of the specified roofing assembly.

The roof and roofing system are checked as part of a Professional Engineer’s roof inspection. The roof keeps rain and other weather elements out of the home or building. The Professional Engineer evaluates the general condition of the roof during roof inspection and estimates the remaining life on the roof. Evidence of past or present roof leakage is also assessed. The engineering report includes an expense analysis of any upcoming roof repair or replacement costs.

Most roofs are made of either asphalt, cedar, slate, or clay tile. If a building has a pitched roof, the roof can be viewed from the site. (It is not advisable to climb onto this type of roof during roof inspections  as a means of checking it. Climbing on the roof can damage roof shingles, especially older shingles. A leakage problem can be created simply by walking on a pitched roof surface.)

roof inspections by P.E florida

Roof Inspections by Licensed P.E

When the Professional Engineer finds that a roof leaks, needs repairs, or will soon need replacement, an analysis of the needed repairs and replacement is provided in the roof inspections report. This helps you plan for any upcoming roof replacement.

If the building has a pitched roof and an accessible attic, the Professional Engineer looks for evidence of roof leakage or damage to the sheathing. The Professional Engineer also looks for problems in the attic such as the amount of insulation present, water damage, and insufficient attic ventilation.

Some roof inspections advocate walking on pitched asphalt, slate, and terracotta tile roofs. There are Inspectors who lift asphalt roof shingles to determine how they were installed. This damages the roof. The slates, cedar shingles, or terracotta tiles suffer damage that can causes leakage.

Asphalt roof shingles are self-sealing. Lifting an asphalt roof shingle damages the seal. Roofing manufacturers will void a roof warranty if they determine damage was caused by such a roof inspections on the roof.

Our Professional Engineers determine the condition of the roof by visual examination. If an Home Inspector needs to walk on the roof or lift the shingles, you should ask; Why can’t this Home Inspector determine the condition of the roof visually?  Can’t this Home Inspector see that the roof shingles are old?

In some cases, it is not possible to safely observe the roof before of during a roof inspections. If the roof is not visible, we us available satellite images of the roof to assess the roof inspections. This includes historical satellite images, which can allow the roof history to be determined.

How to Inspect Roof Types

The first protection any house has against the elements is the roof and there are a variety of roofing materials. You can learn a few basics about each material that will help you spot damage that needs to be repaired or roofing that should be replaced as reported in roof inspections.

Asphalt Roofing

shingle roof inspections

Asphalt roofing surfaces are granular. When asphalt shingles age they become brittle from the sun and other elements. Then the granules can detach from the shingles. Check in the gutters and at the end of the downspouts for asphalt granule deposits. Inspect the roof for spots that look bare where all the granules have detached and been washed away. Also inspect for missing, torn or warped shingles. When the edges or corners of shingles are rising or curling, they have outlived their usefulness and will need replacing. Also look for indentations or punctures from hail damage. This can be far more costly than simply adding shingles so knowing how many layers are on the roof and the legal limitations can be valuable. You can commonly determine how many layers are present by examining the edge of the roof during roof inspections.

Metal Roof Inspections

Metal roofs are commonly steel, copper, aluminum, or galvanized iron. Most metal roofs have a life expectancy of about 50 years. Perforations, pits, rust, or corrosion can help determine the age of the roof. Check the seams, corners, and joints for loose, dried out, or peeling caulk or other seam material while performing roof inspections.

Slate or Clay Tile Roof Inspections

tile roof inspections
ema structural engineers tile roof inspections

Roof Inspections of 3 most common tile roof materials and these are concrete tile, clay or terracotta tile, and composite or light weight tiles. The most common tile is made of concrete and you can identify these roofs by the thickness and absence of color on the bottom or underside of the tiles. They often have 75 years or lifetime warranties. However they can leak sooner depending on the quality of workmanship. Local codes and the area of the country will require these tiles be attached with nails, construction adhesives, battens, screws, foam, or a combination of fasteners noted during roof inspections.

roof inspection for tiled roofs

Composite tile roof inspections are not as popular and are made to resemble clay tile. They are principally installed on homes that lack the structural ability to hold much heavier concrete. Composite tiles also cost less to install.

Clay tile roof inspections comes in two types: terracotta and sand cast. Terracotta tile look just like the material of clay flower pots. Sand cast tiles come in different colors noted during roof inspections.

Slate and clay tile roofs and even cement shingles are designed to last as long as the structure when cared for properly. However they can be broken by hail, ice, or by walking on them. Avoid walking on these materials and use a drone or binoculars to look for any missing tiles or ones that are chipped or broken roof inspections.

Wooden Shakes or Shingles roof inspections

wood shake roof inspections

This is another roofing material you should not be walking on. Inspect these roofs from a ladder, with binoculars or a drone camera. Wooden shakes are split by hand, and wood shingles are sawed and tapered. Weather will deteriorate wood shakes and shingles over time. See if there are missing rotted, warped, or broken shingles or shakes. As a general rule of thumb if a third or more of these roofs are damaged, the whole roof needs replacement.

 

 

 

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Roof Moisture Survey

Roof Moisture Survey

Roof Moisture Survey for Commercial Flat roofs. Billions of dollars are lost each year by un warranted flat roof replacement on commercial buildings. The Tramex Dec Scanner is a mobile device that is used for detecting moisture underneath the roofing membranes using roof moisture survey for large roof areas.This non-destructive testing method is often combined with electric capacitance/ impedance testing and/or infrared moisture verification testing to accurately identify water entry pathways and areas of entrapped water. EMA can readily perform roof moisture surveys on commercial roof and resport the results to owners, so they know which parts need replacement. The results of the moisture survey can be verified by Infrared roof moisture scanning also.

The Dec Scanner is designed for testing built up roofing and non-conductive single ply membrane. It provides instantaneous, clear indications of roof conditions and is able to detect as little as 2% excess moisture in these large-scale roofing systems.This testing method can be performed in conjunction with, or in certain cases in lieu of infrared thermography in flat roof inspections.

The Tramex Dec Scanner is a mobile non-destructive impedance scanner designed for the instant surveying of moisture conditions in roofing and waterproofing systems per ASTM D7954. Ideal for water leak detection in roofing materials.

Features of Roof Moisture Survey

  • Complies to ASTM D7954
  • Non-destructive impedance moisture meter.
  • Three ranges of sensitivity enabling the inspection of a variety of roof membranes and insulation thicknesses.
  • Ergonomic easy-reach and easy to operate control panel.
  • Leak tracing, water leak detection, problem sourcing, and an instantaneous and clear indication of roof condition.
  • Fast readings over large roof areas in a short time frame.
  • Work in normal daylight hours.
  • Faster and more user friendly than nuclear meters.
  • Easy and safe to use with no regulatory restrictions or operating license required.
  • Dependable solid state circuitry and rugged molded body for long-term reliability.

    orlando roof moisture survey, tampa roof moisture survey
    EMA provides roof moisture survey, flat roof surveys, for residential and commercial structures

Roof Moisture Surveys

Saturated insulation in your roofing system can lead to water intruding your building. When water enters your building, not only can it damage your building’s systems and components, but it can also jeopardize the health and safety of your building’s tenants. Things like black mold can easily form in insulation and on ceiling tiles. When this happens, it can get in the air and tenants can breathe it in, causing major health issues. With an infrared roof moisture inspection, our experts can locate the areas of increased temperature and help you identify water intrusion sites.

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silo structural inspection florida

Silo Structural Inspection

silo structural inspections florida
Silo inspections throughout Florida, Louisiana & Texas

Silo Structural Inspection

Silo structural inspection are for large, static, and non-moving complex and dynamic structural system, flexing and bending under various loads in ways unapparent to the naked eye. Silos structural inspection are serious structural inspections and EMA understands silos. EMA is committed to the business of silo engineering and silo structural inspections, having designed and assessed hundreds of silos around the world. Our structural engineer team includes registered structural engineers with decades of experience, as well as members of the American Concrete Institute 313 Committee that writes the code for silo design. This diverse expertise allows us to design silos that are practical and economical to construct, and that are configured to withstand years of filling and reclaim and deliver durable structural performance.

 Silo Structural Inspection Florida & Texas

In addition to having a design capability of silos and complex hopper systems, EMA can inspect and perform silo structural inspection of all types and sizes in locations around the world. Large repairs and replacement costs are often operationally problematic and difficult to justify. Our structural engineers focus on realistic, practical recommendations that balance the need for rigorous assessment with the need for continued operations. We work with owners to determine the appropriate levels of investigation for silo structural inspection for each unique facility. And we conduct inspections with an eye to minimizing impact to your process.

Because we have expertise at both silo design and silo structural inspection and assessment, we offer unique advantages in both disciplines. Our inspection experience has taught us what works well in silo design, and which practices may lead to deterioration and failure, Hence a silo structural inspection is required for all silos and stacks. And our design expertise means we know what to look for beyond the surface, so we can focus our inspections on root causes and design repairs that address the source of deterioration. Regardless of the commodity handled, whether you are an owner, operator, or constructor, our experience with over hundreds of silo structural inspection can help you economically construct and maintain silos that will perform reliably in the long term after a  structural inspection.

Concrete, Steel Silo Structural Inspection

Prevention is the most effective method to ensure the integrity of concrete and steel structures, surfaces, and silos. A proactive maintenance and silo inspection program is crucial to increase the life of your concrete and ensure the safety of those working around your structures.

Regular silo inspections, on annual, two- or five-year intervals, can help identify issues that increase the risk of structure collapse. Based on inspection results, preventative maintenance can be performed to avoid larger more expensive repairs later. The cost of preventive maintenance and repair is minimal when compared to the financial and physical toll that a full collapse can have on your company and team.

A proactive safety program should always include annual or semi-annual silo inspections to check for concealed damage and to assess visible problems that could lead to structural failure.

Silo Inspections Can Prevent Collapse

Silo Inspection Prevents Collapse
silo structural inspection

Collapses are often the result of preventable structural failures that would have been identified during routine inspection. Common issues that cause concrete structure and concrete silo failure include foundation deterioration, roof collapse due to roof beam structural issues, improper material filling and unloading procedures in silos, silo wall delamination or deterioration, silo discharge cone or bin floor issues. Steel silos suffer from corrosion, which can be inspected using wear-measure thickness ultrasonic gauges.

Much of this damage is easily preventable through routine silo inspection and maintenance. Third-party inspections, maintenance and repair services are the best way to manage safety on any scale. Many structural issues can be easily and economically addressed if caught early.

Silo Inspection Prevents  Problem

The bad news is that a silo structural inspection may present you with problems that need to be solved as soon as possible. The silo structural inspection may reveal that there is extended damage within the structure’s walls. You might even find out that the silo is simply not stable and needs to be taken down. From a business perspective, it seems like few things could possibly be worse. Consider, however, that identifying these problems before true tragedy strikes is certainly worth the investment. Not only will your company’s reputation remain secure in the absence of a horrible accident, but most importantly, no one will be put in danger on the site.

Silo structural inspections don’t have to be bad news, of course. A silo inspection may show that your silo is in good health and that it can stay that way so long as it is maintained well. This is not just good financial news but it also will give everyone in your company a very real peace of mind.

Maintain
Once any problems are solved and production returns to normal, the most important thing is silo maintenance. Just like with inspection, maintenance should be executed inside and outside of the structure. The following are some of the steps you can take, with a professional, to help maintain the health of your silo.

Silo/Bin Cleaning
It does not take long for material to build up inside of a silo, especially if moisture gets added into the mix. Scheduling a regular cleaning of your storage vessel helps ensure that material will continue to flow through and your production levels will remain uninterrupted.

Media Blasting
Abrasive blasting or dry ice blasting may be needed if you want to smooth a surface, clean a surface, or prepare a surface for a new coat of paint. Formerly referred to as sand blasting, there are now several safer materials that can be used that also reduce the need for clean-up after the project is complete.

Fire Suppression
Especially if a vessel is storing dry material, the risk for fire is very real. Make sure that oxygen is vacuumed out of your storage vessel to help make sure that there is no risk of fire being started due to static electricity or some other type of spark.

The better care you take of your health, the less severe and less numerous your problems will be. It is no different for your silo, bin, or any other type of storage vessel. Schedule regular check-ups to make sure no big problems are brewing. Make sure you catch any small problems before they start. Regularly maintain the unit through silo structural inspection so that you can help prevent any issues in the future. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, as the old saying goes. An ounce of prevention can even help save the lives of your workers. It’s definitely worth your time.

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metal roof inspections jacksonville

Roof Inspections Jacksonville

Roof Inspections Jacksonville

Roof inspection jacksonville engineers can inspect and perform damaged roof inspections in Jacksonville, Cocoa, Ormond beach, St. Augustine, Cocoa, Melbourne,& Palm Coast on any roof system including concrete roofs, gravel and shingled roofs. After hurricanes, or natural disasters including lightening strikes the roof may get damaged and may need a roof inspections jacksonville visit. That is where we send our professional engineers and inspectors to do a thorough inspections of roofing and intent of damages for insurance claim purpose and repairs.

We also perform various structurally damaged roof inspections including initial tig-tag , structural in progress and structural final inspections for shingled, tile roofs. We also perform roof static uplift test TAS-105, TAS-106, Bell Chamber (TAS-124), Thermal Imaging etc. Various Services are performed and a Sealed and Signed report is prepared for the client.

We also perform wind damaged roof inspections jacksonville roofing inspections for all shingle, metal & clay tile or concrete tile roofs as per Florida building code chapter 15. please call for our services.

daytona roof inspections
roof inspections for roof damages by windstorms

Roof Inspections Jacksonville & Testing.

EMA Engineers performs detailed, professional visual roof inspections Jacksonville with state-of-the-art moisture detection devices and gives thorough explanations with digital pictures.

TAS 105 – Fastener Withdrawal Resistance Testing
TAS 106 – Uplift Resistance Testing Tile Roof by Roof Inspections Jacksonville.
TAS 109 – Polyurethane Foam Roofing (pending certification).
TAS 124 – Existing and New Roof Wind Uplift Resistance Testing.

Roof Inspections Jacksonville INSPECTION PROCEDURES

The starting point of the roof Inspection Jacksonville is the roof of the building. The interior walls and ceilings should be checked for signs of water staining. After inspecting the interior by a damaged roof inspections daytona engineer   thorough inspection of the exterior walls should be made along with the roof system.

The following roof components should be inspected:

Flashing: These are the protection for the membrane termination and often provide a waterproof cover at the membrane termination. These include Counter- flashing, expansion joint covers, copings and flashing at walls and curbs. A variety of problems may occur at these vulnerable locations by damaged roof inspections Jacksonville in Central Florida as well as Tampa, Orlando & Ft. Lauderdale.

Penetrations: These are pipes, drains, vents, stacks and other items that penetrate the roof membrane. These MUST be flashed properly to assure a watertight roof system by roof engineers.

Field Membrane – What to look for:

· Open seams excessive blisters, wrinkles, ridges or areas of non-adhered membrane.
· Worn spots holes or deteriorated areas of the membrane.
· Deteriorated, areas of surface coating on the membrane through roof inspections jacksonville.
· Adequate, drainage and ponding problems of the membrane checked by roof inspections Daytona.
· Areas around rooftop equipment that may have been degraded by leaks or spills or punctured by dropped equipment parts.

Roof Inspections Jacksonville.

Roof inspections jacksonville Service is recognized by the roofing industry as a vital component of successful Roof Construction Management. Many vital areas of a roof installation are not visible for inspection upon completion and many times are already covered over before periodic site inspections can be made.

Full-time roof inspection jacksonville Inspection provides a set of ‘eyes’ during all phases of the installation. Critical areas such as fastening patterns of underlying insulation, mopping techniques, or glue application and drying times can be monitored for compliance with the contract documents and manufacturer’s standards by roof inspections jacksonville.

Count On EMA and Our Trained Roof Inspectors
EMA’s roof inspectors have extensive experience  to observe all phases of a roof installation to ensure materials are in compliance with project documents. Prior to the start of work, our inspectors are provided specifications, drawings, shop drawings and submittals. The inspector’s attendance at the Pre-Job Conference with respective contractual parties allows a thorough understanding of the system installation, set-up areas and anticipated internal disruptions. The inspector generates Daily Roof Inspection Reports which delineates material and installation compliance, and documents any unforeseen contingent items to the contract. Non-compliance issues are immediately addressed with the roofing contractor, design professional or building owner to ensure proper installation of the specified roofing assembly. We provide roof inspections jacksonville, St. Augustine, Daytona Beach, Melbourne, Orlando, & Tampa.

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Florida Bridge Inspections

Bridge Inspection

Bridge Inspection

Florida Bridge Inspections

The bridge inspection process starts with the bridge inspectors reviewing the previous bridge inspection report and planning the inspection. The inspectors identify areas where defects were found in previous inspections. This allows them to determine if the defects previously identified have been repaired or have increased in size and severity. The inspectors coordinate traffic control and access equipment.
When the bridge inspection inspectors arrive at the bridge site they perform the bridge inspection from a distance.Some major problems may be indicated if the profile of the bridge is not smooth, in other words the bridge will not look right to the experienced bridge inspector. The inspectors will then concentrate on discovering the cause and determining the extent of the problem.Depending on the exact nature of the problem emergency repair or  immediate closure of the bridge may be required.
The inspectors use a systematic method to inspect the bridge, to ensure that the entire bridge is inspected. The exact
order of the inspection will vary depending on the type of bridge being inspected.

Procedure of Bridge Inspection.

The deck is the riding surface for traffic.The deck surface and road way barrier or parapet are looked at for potholes, cracking, excessive wear, and sounded for hollow areas. The deck joints are looked at for evidence of seepage, loose armor angles and if the deck joints are properly functioning to allow expansion and contraction as temperature changes.
The superstructure supports the deck and generally consists of beams or girders that may be constructed of timber, concrete or steel, and the bearings that connect the superstructure to the substructure. The inspectors pay close attention to areas of high stress and those prone to deterioration, but the entire superstructure is inspected.
Timber members are inspected for wood rot, crushing, splitting and cracking. Concrete members are inspected for cracking, spalling and hollow areas. (Spalling is where a portion of the concrete has fallen away leaving a hole in the concrete.) Steel members are inspected for paint peeling, corrosion and cracking. The bearings serve to transmit loads from the superstructure to the substructure and allow the movement of the bridge that occur due to changes in temperature.
The bearings during a bridge inspection are inspected for excessive deformation and evidence that they are functioning properly allowing the movements of the bridge due to temperature change. The substructure supports the superstructure and transmits loads from the superstructure to the ground. The substructure generally consists of pier caps, columns and piles. The substructure may be constructed of timber, concrete or steel. Timber members are inspected for wood rot, crushing, splitting and cracking. Concrete members are inspected for cracking, spalling and hollow areas during bridge inspection. Steel members are inspected for paint peeling, corrosion and cracking. In addition, the substructure is inspected for evidence of settlement or scour. Settlement is elements of the substructure move downward due to soil conditions. Scour is the undermining of a structure due to water flow removing soil which supports the structure.

Actions during Inspection

The bridge  inspectors’ actions will vary depending on their bridge inspection findings. The inspectors will recommend immediate closure or emergency repair of the bridge after the bridge inspection, if a critical condition is found that endangers the public. The inspectors will recommend a repair be performed quickly when a situation exists that if not addressed may lead to a condition that could endanger the public. The inspectors will recommend routine repairs or maintenance to correct defects that if not repaired could increase in size and severity and shorten the service life of the bridge.

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Forensic Engineers florida Investigation

Forensic Engineers

Forensic Engineers Florida

Florida Forensic Engineers provide forensic and structural engineering services throughout Florida including Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Daytona beach, Melbourne, Cocoa beach, to provide the highest quality of  engineering and expert witness services available. Our services includes forensic damage inspections, structural damage assessment, roof damage inspections, fire damage inspections, building structural assessments, structural foundation collapse and assessment.

Our forensic engineers florida provide cause and origin,  buildings defects, construction defects, damage investigations, site investigation, testing, technical research, and analysis of the information to provide our clients with an independent opinion on the cause of failure.

Forensic Engineers Investigation

Collapse Analysis by Forensic Engineers Florida

Our team of experienced professionals offer the following areas of expertise:

– Forensic Building Defects by Forensic engineers.
– Collapse & Insurance Claims and Reports
– Structural Condition Assessments
– Discovery Assistance
– Second Opinion Structural & Forensic Inspections for Dispute Resolution
– Expert Witness & Testimonial

We provide structural damage assessment reports to insurance, as well as adjuster clients for building failures, natural disasters and failures due to under design. We also provide estimates for repairs based on original values and ASV. Whether the collapse is due to a design fault, natural disasters, deficient structural deign or over-stressing. we can provide you good enough reports that can tell u the real problem.

Structural Damage Assessment after Building Failure

Structural building engineering includes all structural engineering related to the design of buildings. It is a branch of structural engineering closely affiliated with architecture.

Structural building engineering is primarily driven by the creative manipulation of materials and forms and the underlying mathematical and scientific ideas to achieve an end which fulfills its functional requirements and is structurally safe when subjected to all the loads it could reasonably be expected to experience. This is subtly different from architectural design, which is driven by the creative manipulation of materials and forms, mass, space, volume, texture and light to achieve an end which is aesthetic, functional and often artistic.(forensic engineers florida)

The architect and forensic engineers are usually the lead designer on buildings, with a structural engineer employed as a sub-consultant. The degree to which each discipline actually leads the design depends heavily on the type of structure. Many structures are structurally simple and led by architecture, such as multi-storey office buildings and housing, while other structures, such as tensile structures, shells and gridshells are heavily dependent on their form for their strength, and the engineer may have a more significant influence on the form, and hence much of the aesthetic, than the architect.

The structural design for a building must ensure that the building is able to stand up safely, and not collapse thus enabling forensic engineers florida to find cause of collaspe and be able to function without excessive deflections or movements which may cause fatigue of structural elements, cracking or failure of fixtures, fittings or partitions, or discomfort for occupants. It must account for movements and forces due to temperature, creep, cracking and imposed loads. It must also ensure that the design is practically buildable within acceptable manufacturing tolerances of the materials. It must allow the architecture to work, and the building services to fit within the building and function (air conditioning, ventilation, smoke extract, electrics, lighting etc.). The structural design of a modern building can be extremely complex, and often requires a large team to complete.

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Building Engineers

Building Engineers for Damage Assessment

EMA provides expert building engineers to our clients. The engineers from EMA Engineering’s expertise is Forensic Engineering and Building Damage Assessment.

Highly experienced structural engineers with forensic engineering experience and engineering staff are available for investigation, diagnosis, assessment and remediation advice covering, buildings and structures for damage of all types. We have experience of providing damage assessment and forensic inspections after major hurricanes including Andrew, Charlie, Katrina & Rita.

We are trusted by the architects, property owners, builders, insurers and loss adjusters to establish the root cause of building and structural failures and to determine cost effective remedial works.

Building Engineers Scope of work.

  • Structural / Building Assessments, Inspections and Forensic Investigations by engineers.
  • Investigation and damage assessment of all types of buildings and structures, retaining walls, pavements, water tanks and swimming pools.
  • Expert Witness and Reporting service for legal proceedings and court hearings.
  • Building and Structural Defects and Damage Causation investigation and reporting.
  • Cause of damage determination and repair specification for the insurance industry.
  • Remediation advice and disaster assessment following fire, storm, earthquake and flood events.
  • Pre-purchase building inspections for residential, commercial and industrial properties by licensed engineers.
  • Preventative risk assessments.
  • Building maintenance appraisals and recommendations.
  • Dilapidation surveys prior/post construction.
  • Building movement and underpinning.
  • Infrastructure damage and emergency management plans (buildings, bridges and other structures).
  • General building inspections, providing structural and building advice to property owners by professional engineers.

building engineers inspections jacksonville
hurricane damage inspections Florida, Texas & Louisiana

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Hurricane damage inspections

Hurricane Damage inspections

forensic damage inspections florida, orlando, tampa
Hurricane damage inspections

Hurricane damage inspections are performed by EMA Staff engineers. In case of natural disasters including hurricane damage & water damage, flood damage, roof damage by storm, wind and hail, foundation scouring and damage and structural damage, a quick and coordinated recovery is key. Not only is the safety and well being of our loved ones at stake but the welfare of society depends critically on the resilience of its business community to natural disasters.

We have experienced structural engineers & forensic engineers  inspectors  in Hurricane damage assessment.We at EMA are prepared to mobilize our staff of engineers, certified inspectors, and technicians to aid in the recovery process. To assist in coordinated long term recovery, our structural & forensic engineers offers the following areas of expertise:building envelope,

Hurricane damage inspections

Structural damage assessment

Repair claims ( residential & commercial)

Forensic Engineering

Foundation collapse analysis

Roof damage reports

Wind damage reports

WOOD FRAME STRUCTURE

EXTERIOR:
* Fence support broken at the ground or blown over
* Landscape damage, largest size broken limb, trunk to check against F scale
* Roof blown off or displaced (check wall-roof connection; sometimes it is not evident)
* Broken windows — will indicate wind forces entering the building
* Brick blown off walls or in place
* Chimney and roof vent condition. May cause carbon monoxide poisoning if used in damaged condition
* Above-ground utility services — connected or off

INTERIOR:
* Always look ahead and keep the exterior in sight
* Do not touch exposed electrical wires or lights
* Check wall-roof connections. Look for evidence of separation
* Check for diagonal fracture of wall surfaces, if rigid like gyp board
* Watch for spilled liquid in and near kitchens, bathrooms, and garages. Very dangerous!
* Look for loose structural items that might collapse. Always assume they will.
* Check stability of interior walls
* Check what happened to occupants if they were in the structure during the storm
* Check conditions of any basements, cellars, out buildings

OTHER TYPE STRUCTURES OF INSPECTIONS
All of the above, plus the following for the special structure:

Steel Frame or Load-Bearing Walls
* Bent frame
* Broken welds on beams and trusses and at connections
* Reverse-loaded steel beams and trusses
* Racking of the frame
Wind bracing broken, bent
* Glass breakage
* In high-rise buildings, watch for frame twisting, offsets

Concrete Frame, Slab
* Gouges from columns and floor surfaces from impacts
* Cracks running parallel with reinforcing steel
* Splitting out of the rebars
* Column-slab juncture, condition. Watch for spalding of concrete
* Look for previous water damage and spalding.

Damage Inspections, Roof Repairs and Installation

The roofing system is one of the most vulnerable to storm damage, because so many factors can have an impact on a roof. A hurricane damage inspection of the roof is based on a number of key indicators, whether the roof has been hit by high winds, a downed tree, a catastrophic hailstorm, or even a lightning strike.

  • A tree on the roof, or roof or wall sections that have been blown open by a storm, are some of the most obvious signs of potential damage and risk. Safety comes first, so stay out of the building until a contractor has examined it for structural hurricane damage inspections.
  • Signs of storm damage to a roof can often be evident while standing on the ground. Missing shingles, metal pieces displaced from around the chimney, damaged exhaust pipes, roof valleys, outer edges or angles where the roof meets the walls, can sometimes be seen from the ground.
  • Other damage can be assessed from inside. The attic can be inspected for leaks or water damage. Water stains might be seen on the ceiling or walls. These all point to the need for repairs or a roof replacement.
  • When on a ladder or on the roof itself (for safety, we DO NOT recommend that property owners try this themselves), a Certified NIRC Contractor will look for excess granules in the gutters. These granules may have been loosened by hail impacts. While people hear stories of “golf ball-sized hailstones,” the fact is that most hailstones are small – yet they still can cause significant damage to the roof. And loose granules should not be dismissed or overlooked. Granules are vitally important to the functioning of the roof: They protect the asphalt coating from ultraviolet light, add coloring and beauty, and provide fire resistance.

hurricane damage inspection
hurricane damage inspection Florida

Building Exteriors

While siding, stucco and brick are durable exterior finishes, they are susceptible to considerable storm damage. Often, property owners don’t notice the damage until it’s too late to file a claim. It is important to have a property inspected thoroughly after a severe storm event.

Siding

  • Vinyl Siding: It can be broken, cracked, or sections of it can be blown off in a storm as determined by a hurricane damage inspection. It’s important to report any damage that might have existed before a storm. Non-storm damage can include siding that is bowing out or appears pushed together, indications that it was nailed onto the wall too tightly. If part of the siding is melted, that can be an indication that a BBQ grill was too close to the wall. There might have been a grass fire or leaves being burned too close to the building. When this type of non-storm damage is acknowledged, it builds credibility and trust between the property owner, the contractor and the insurer. And when the siding is fully replaced, the property owner gets the added benefit of having pre-storm problems cleaned up too.
  • Metal Siding: Wind and hail can dent, crease and tear apart metal siding. In addition, the wind will blow other debris like trash cans or tree limbs into the siding and cause damage. Again, in the interest of trust and credibility, we also emphasize that dents and other damage to metal siding occurs over time. Any damage that occurred before a storm hit should also be reported after hurricane damage inspections by P. E.
  • EFIS or Synthetic Stucco: Storms can crack, chip and dent exterior EFIS and stucco applications. This damage is often noticeable because an area of the wall will feel soft, or be dented in. There might also be an area that has numerous small cracks radiating in a pattern similar to a spider web. This evidence of damage means that the foam backing behind the exterior EFIS or stucco coat will have to be removed and replaced. It’s more than a simple patch-up job.
  • Wood, Cedar,T11: Exterior wood finishes can crack and paint can be stripped off by storms. In more severe events, entire wall sections might be pulled apart. In many restoration projects, the area can be cleaned, scrapped, pressure washed and painted, with only minimal repairs to the wood. More severe damage requires replacement. This includes damage to cedar shakes and lap siding, where the thin edges are particularly susceptible to damage, and the wood will need to be replaced. These are all observations and recommendations that the hurricane damage inspection engineers EMA will include in the hurricane damage inspection report & notes.
Windows and Screens

While each type of window can have unique damage, the following should be checked:

  • Each window for paint loss, cracks, holes, dents, and broken glass. In thermal windows, check for fogging between the panes.
  • Each screen should be inspected for dents and cracks in the frame, and expanded fibers, holes and tears in the screening material.
  • Each window should also be checked to ensure they are properly caulked and counter-flashed

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Structural Inspections

Structural Inspections

EMA can provide structural inspections for the following cases

Structural Inspections Foundation

Structural inspections masonry

Structural inspections concrete & steel structures

Structural 40 Year recertification inspections

structural building inspections

Project construction inspections.
Hurricane damage Inspections
Special buildings Inspection
Quality Assurance Inspections
Structural damage Inspections
Fire Damage Inspections
Residential/Commercial Inspections
Structural Sinkhole Inspectionshttp://www.orlandobizlist.com/business/5029388.htm

Forensic Structural Inspections
Structural inspections, Forensic inspections, Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa, New Orleans, Texas.

Forensic Structural Inspections

Flood Inspections Retaining Structures

Foundation damage inspections

building damage inspections

soil erosion cause & origin

Roof Damage Inspections

Hurricane damage Inspections

Wind Damage Inspections
Threshold Inspections
Forensic Inspections
School Inspections
Tree Damage Inspections
Structural Framing Inspections
Structural Shoring Inspections

structural inspections florida
Structural Inspections Florida

Structural ROOF INSPECTION

Structural forensic roof inspections or quality control monitoring and proper inspection of a roofing system will provide a good water tight roof. It is important to monitor the condition of the roofing system through proper inspection at frequent time intervals to discover damage to the roof. Small imperfections can be corrected with minimal maintenance. No roof system can be expected to give long term performance without some attention and maintenance. Too frequently, roofs are forgotten until a leak develops. Most problems begin in a small way and if left undetected, develop into a more expensive need for repairs, or in the extreme, need replacement of the roof.

A Infrared Inspections consists of the following elements:

Infrared Inspection: To pinpoint and identify moisture within the roof mat.

Roof Moisture Verification: Infrared roof testing is performed to verify areas of moisture.

Observations and Findings: Results of the investigation.

Drawings: Location of infrared findings of additional suspected moisture.

The summary of infrared analysis and thermograms correspond to areas shown on drawings.

EMA Florida Structural Inspections Techniques include:

1. Principles of Infrared

With the Infrared Thermography, roofs can be scanned with a highly sophisticated infrared camera to detect and accurately map sub-surface moisture, thereby determining whether a portion or all of the roof requires replacement. Unlike other non-destructive techniques, infrared thermal scanning assesses every square inch of the roofing including vertical flashing. This results in a comprehensive view of the roof s condition with the possibility of error minimized.

The thermographic survey is conducted by hand carrying the Infrared cameras over the roof during  Florida structural inspections.

Thermography or Infrared Scanning is based upon the ability of a specialized infrared camera to detect variations in temperature radiating from the roof surface and to convert them into an electrical signal which is displayed instantaneously as a video heat image called a Thermogram. The difference in tones (black to white) denotes variations in the roofs surface temperature of 0.2 degrees Centigrade, and is influence by the moisture content.

roof moisture survey & infrared survey
EMA provides roof infrared moisture survey, flat roof infrared moisture survey, structural engineering, structural renovations, wind analysis and design, and other structural engineering drawings and services for residential and commercial structures

2. Characteristicts of Moisture in Roofing during structural inspections.

Infrared techniques pinpoint the moisture entry points during structural inspections and moisture surveys of flkat roofs from the interior, exterior, or from roof leaks. The absorption characteristics of various types of building materials are of particular interest. With porous material, moisture generally penetrates from the surface down; the greatest amount of water is found near the surface traveling along and dispersing into the porous material. In colder regions a potential condensation problem exists. The insulation is often protected by a vapor barrier located as near as practical to the warm side. As long as the vapor barrier is maintained at a temperature above the dew point, condensation can be completely forestalled. If water vapor can penetrate into the roof because of a poorly installed vapor barrier, it will migrate to the cold face, condense and often, be absorbed by the insulation or other absorbent materials.

The characteristics of various types of roofing materials raises a similar interest. Different roofing materials have varied moisture absorption characteristics. With porous material, moisture generally penetrates from the surface down. The greatest amount of water is found near the surface traveling along felts and dispersing into the insulation. The quantity of moisture, its form, and location within the assembly, and the water absorption.

3. Technical Approach

When an abnormality on a Thermogram is identified as wet, (usually noted as a darker colored area), it is marked with paint and is photographed for future reference. The location of this area of sub-surface moisture is noted on the roof map which accompanies the report. Findings were not confirmed by further tests. Under a clear sky during the day, the roof acts as a large thermal collector and can approach 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Insulation laden with sub-surface moisture absorbs this radiation and acts as a reservoir to regenerate the heating of the membrane after the solar affect has dissipated. The affect of wet and dry material on the surface temperature of the roof is also a result of emissive cooling of the roof surface as much as 15 degrees Centigrade below ambient during a structural inspection and roof infrared survey. In cooler weather, the introduction of moisture reduces the R-value of the assembly producing thermal bridges. These thermal bridges are localized warm zones which also produce images on the Thermogram.

4. Interpreting Thermograms.

A Infrared Thermogram is a “temperature picture” of an object. Unlike ordinary photographic equipment during structural inspections and moisture intrusion surveys that responds to visible light, the infrared camera responds only to invisible heat radiation. The resulting image produced on the display unit resembles the object in black and white with shades of gray. The whiter an object appears, the hotter it is. Conversely, the darker the cooler. In the color mode, the object being inspected with infrared equipment will show the warmest areas in white progressing through the spectrum to the coldest areas in blue.The sensitivity of the Thermographic equipment is such that temperature difference of as little as 0.2 degrees Centigrade, at an ambient temperature of 30 degrees Centigrade, is sensed.

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